L’associazione Utopia Rossa lavora e lotta per l’unità dei movimenti rivoluzionari di tutto il mondo in una nuova internazionale: la Quinta. Al suo interno convivono felicemente – con un progetto internazionalista e princìpi di etica politica – persone di provenienza marxista e libertaria, anarcocomunista, situazionista, femminista, trotskista, guevarista, leninista, credente e atea, oltre a liberi pensatori. Non succedeva dai tempi della Prima internazionale.

PER SAPERNE DI PIÙ CI SONO UNA COLLANA DI LIBRI E UN BLOG IN VARIE LINGUE…

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sabato 7 aprile 2018

REVERSE THE ‘INDIVIDUALISING IMAGINARY’ ON CLIMATE CHANGE, by Maurizio Fratta

IN DUE LINGUE (Inglese, Italiano)
IN TWO LANGUAGES (English, Italian)

University of Chicago Press, 2016
The data collected by climatologists speak clearly: the summer of 2017 in Italy was the second hottest since 1880 – when surveys began; the month of August recorded an average thermal excess of 2.5 °C, with the fourth day of the month the hottest in the last sixty years in many cities of central Italy.
That 2017 turned out to be Italy’s second hottest year ever (after 2016) is full confirmation of global warming scenarios.
The Italian summer of 2017, the fourth driest ever, will also be remembered for the serious water crisis caused by a dramatic reduction in rainfall throughout the country (-41% compared with seasonal averages), with serious repercussions on the leaking network of Italian aqueducts.
A season that will go down in history also and above all for fires: between June 15 and September 14 about one hundred thousand flared up (there were fifty thousand in 2016), one every 100 seconds, more than a thousand a day: from that of the Castel Fusano pinewood on the Roman coast – near the estate of the President of the Republic located in Castelporziano – to that of Vesuvius and its park, from the blaze in Sulmona to that of Monte Morrone, the peak of Celestino V.
On some days it seemed that the whole country was on fire. At the first rains – with the humus gone up in smoke – ashes consequently turned into mud, contributing to an increase in hydrogeological instability.
The effects of climate change are now visible to all: no living being has contributed to alter the life of our planet so deeply – and so quickly – as man.
Overheating of the Earth, determined by the greenhouse effect and related to the increase in CO2 emissions, is only one of the factors behind the planetary environmental crisis. Taking into account ocean acidification, the disproportionate use of fresh water, the overproduction of waste, fishing, deforestation and the vertical fall of biodiversity, it should be clear that in many natural processes the limits have already been exceeded.
Beyond the necessary change in lifestyles, the battle to reverse this trend would require a collective action, but politicians are unable to propose any credible alternative.
Worthy of note here, among others, is the contribution of physicist Gianni Mattioli on the occasion of the l’altrapagina magazine’s 29th Convention entitled “The parabola of food”, which was held in Città di Castello in September 2015.
Starting from the fact that some parameters – for example of CO2 – have been exceeded, Mattioli pointed out how this could cause a rupturing of the stability of the planet’s physical-climatic system, altering and upsetting periodic phenomena such as seasons, winds and sea currents, with the risk of giving rise to unpredictable chaos.
That meeting was also attended by the UPM (Un Punto Macrobiotico) national and international association – founded by Mario Pianesi –, which has been working in the field of agriculture and food for over thirty years with full respect for the environment and promotion of the health of the human being.
Reflecting on this joint work with Chiara Giallorenzo, president of the UPM Centre in Città di Castello, and with the adhesion of the “Mario Pancrazi” Study Centre – an association that pursues “the enhancement of the culture of mathematics” –, a conference was organised to tackle the issue of climate change starting from the effects found in Umbria and in Alta Valtiberina, and that did so by highlighting the relationships among environment, agriculture, food and health.
In order to reach an overall vision, naturalists, farmers and doctors were asked for their assessment with the aim of proposing a multidisciplinary approach that is able to identify a possible path of mitigation of the consequences of global warming.
In a territory where the abuse of pesticides used in industrial agriculture has severely contaminated surface water and groundwater, where the widespread presence of landfills and composting plants has poisoned soil and air and where rail transport has been marginalised irresponsibly – and finally suppressed in favour of vehicular (individual) transport, the primary source, along with that caused by animal breeding, of CO2 emissions – it is no longer possible to continue to look the other way, considering in particular the high rates of incidence of some types of cancer found both in the adult population and in childhood and youth in general.
If it is true – as Amitav Ghosh writes in The great derangement: climate change and the unthinkable – that indifference towards current catastrophes is the result of our individualism and our adherence to the dominant model of life and consumption, it will only be possible to face this challenge by becoming aware of what has happened and what is happening, thus finding “a way out of the individualizing imaginary in which we are trapped”.

[translation from Italian by Phil Harris (for IDN-InDepthNews)]

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RED UTOPIA ROJA – Principles / Principios / Princìpi / Principes / Princípios

a) The end does not justify the means, but the means which we use must reflect the essence of the end.

b) Support for the struggle of all peoples against imperialism and/or for their self determination, independently of their political leaderships.

c) For the autonomy and total independence from the political projects of capitalism.

d) The unity of the workers of the world - intellectual and physical workers, without ideological discrimination of any kind (apart from the basics of anti-capitalism, anti-imperialism and of socialism).

e) Fight against political bureaucracies, for direct and councils democracy.

f) Save all life on the Planet, save humanity.

(January 2010)

* * *

a) El fin no justifica los medios, y en los medios que empleamos debe estar reflejada la esencia del fin.

b) Apoyo a las luchas de todos los pueblos contra el imperialismo y/o por su autodeterminación, independientemente de sus direcciones políticas.

c) Por la autonomía y la independencia total respecto a los proyectos políticos del capitalismo.

d) Unidad del mundo del trabajo intelectual y físico, sin discriminaciones ideológicas de ningún tipo, fuera de la identidad “anticapitalista, antiimperialista y por el socialismo”.

e) Lucha contra las burocracias políticas, por la democracia directa y consejista.

f) Salvar la vida sobre la Tierra, salvar a la humanidad.

(Enero de 2010)

* * *

a) Il fine non giustifica i mezzi, ma nei mezzi che impieghiamo dev’essere riflessa l’essenza del fine.

b) Sostegno alle lotte di tutti i popoli contro l’imperialismo e/o per la loro autodeterminazione, indipendentemente dalle loro direzioni politiche.

c) Per l’autonomia e l’indipendenza totale dai progetti politici del capitalismo.

d) Unità del mondo del lavoro mentale e materiale, senza discriminazioni ideologiche di alcun tipo (a parte le «basi anticapitaliste, antimperialiste e per il socialismo.

e) Lotta contro le burocrazie politiche, per la democrazia diretta e consigliare.

f) Salvare la vita sulla Terra, salvare l’umanità.

(Gennaio 2010)

* * *

a) La fin ne justifie pas les moyens, et dans les moyens que nous utilisons doit apparaître l'essence de la fin projetée.

b) Appui aux luttes de tous les peuples menées contre l'impérialisme et/ou pour leur autodétermination, indépendamment de leurs directions politiques.

c) Pour l'autonomie et la totale indépendance par rapport aux projets politiques du capitalisme.

d) Unité du monde du travail intellectuel et manuel, sans discriminations idéologiques d'aucun type, en dehors de l'identité "anticapitaliste, anti-impérialiste et pour le socialisme".

e) Lutte contre les bureaucraties politiques, et pour la démocratie directe et conseilliste.

f) Sauver la vie sur Terre, sauver l'Humanité.

(Janvier 2010)

* * *

a) O fim não justifica os médios, e os médios utilizados devem reflectir a essência do fim.

b) Apoio às lutas de todos os povos contra o imperialismo e/ou pela auto-determinação, independentemente das direcções políticas deles.

c) Pela autonomia e a independência respeito total para com os projectos políticos do capitalismo.

d) Unidade do mundo do trabalho intelectual e físico, sem discriminações ideológicas de nenhum tipo, fora da identidade “anti-capitalista, anti-imperialista e pelo socialismo”.

e) Luta contra as burocracias políticas, pela democracia directa e dos conselhos.

f) Salvar a vida na Terra, salvar a humanidade.

(Janeiro de 2010)